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University of Minnesota study: 2008-2009 recession-related job loss may have led to psychological distress and increased alcohol-related problems, especially among African Americans

Tuesday, March 22, 2016

A new study from the University of Minnesota’s School of Public Health finds individuals who lost their jobs during the 2008-2009 economic recession reported increased drunkenness and reported more alcohol use disorders. This was especially true for African Americans compared to Whites.

Results of the study were published today in Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

Recession-related job loss was also associated with an increase in psychological distress or depressive symptoms, and in turn increased drunkenness among African Americans only, suggesting that distress is another pathway by which job loss affects alcohol use disorder among African Americans. The study also found higher levels of family social support lessened the effects of job loss on psychological distress for Whites and Latinos, but not for African Americans.

Abbott, Hennepin County Medical Center and University of Minnesota Collaborate to Launch the Nation's Largest, Single-Center Prospective Study on Concussion and Traumatic Brain Injury

Wednesday, March 9, 2016

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), every year, there are an estimated 2.2 million emergency department visits for traumatic brain injuries (TBI).1 For people with head injuries, quick evaluation and treatment are critical.

That's why researchers at Hennepin County Medical Center (Minneapolis, Minn.) and the University of Minnesota are launching an innovative, comprehensive study in collaboration with Abbott to better identify the range of brain injuries among patients. Using multiple evaluation tools, including eye tracking, blood-based biomarkers, imaging and cognitive measures, scientists hope to develop a new standard approach to help classify brain injuries, including concussions, and provide the information needed to guide doctors' treatment decisions.

Study: States with midwifery-friendly laws have more midwife-attended births and better birth outcomes

Tuesday, March 8, 2016

A new study from researchers at the University of Minnesota School of Public Health and George Mason University finds states with laws that allow certified nurse-midwives (CNMs) to practice independently have a larger midwifery workforce, more midwife-attended births and lower rates of cesarean delivery, preterm birth and low birth weight, compared with states that require physician oversight or collaborative agreement for midwifery practices.

The study findings were published online today in Women’s Health Issues.

UMN researchers identify potential association between pre-labor cesarean delivery and childhood leukemia

Friday, February 26, 2016

A potential correlation between pre-labor cesarean delivery (PLCD) and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) could offer new targets for cancer prevention research, according to new research from the Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota.

The study is published in the current edition of the journal The Lancet Haematology.

Researchers were led by Masonic Cancer Center members Erin Marcotte, Ph.D., assistant professor, and Logan Spector, Ph.D., professor, of the Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Research in the Department of Pediatrics at the University of Minnesota Medical School

Percent of Minnesotans without health insurance drops to historic low

Monday, February 29, 2016

A new report from the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) and the University of Minnesota finds that Minnesota cut its uninsured rate nearly in half between 2013 and 2015, and the rate of Minnesotans without health insurance has now reached an all-time low.

The report cites recent health reform efforts and an improved economy as key factors that drove down the state’s uninsured rate, as more than 200,000 Minnesotans – including 35,000 children – gained health insurance coverage between 2013 and 2015.

U of M evaluation finds Health Care Homes saved $1 billion over 5 year period

Tuesday, February 9, 2016

A new University of Minnesota evaluation of Health Care Homes found that over a five year evaluation period the model – emphasizing collaboration among care providers, families and patients – saved Medicaid and Medicare approximately $1 billion. At the same time, clinics participating in a health care home model of care outperformed other clinics on quality measures.

The results come from a Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) funded evaluation of health care homes done in collaboration with the Minnesota Department of Human Services (DHS) led by investigator Douglas Wholey, Ph.D., professor of health policy and management from the University of Minnesota School of Public Health Division of Health Policy & Management.

A summary of the 2016 U of M evaluation can be found here.

The complete 2016 U of M evaluation can be found here.

Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota joins nation’s cancer centers in endorsing HPV vaccination for cancer prevention

Wednesday, January 27, 2016

In response to low national vaccination rates for the human papillomavirus (HPV), the Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota has joined all the other 68 National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated Comprehensive Cancer Centers in issuing a statement urging for increased HPV vaccination for the prevention of cancer.
Several types of high-risk HPV are responsible for the vast majority of cervical, anal, oropharyngeal (middle throat) and other genital cancers. The signed institutions collectively recognize insufficient vaccination as a public health threat and call upon the nations’ physicians, parents and young adults to take advantage of this rare opportunity for cancer prevention.
“Everyone wants a vaccination to prevent cancer. The HPV vaccination is a safe, effective way to prevent illness and stop cancer before it starts,” said Douglas Yee, M.D., director of the Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota. Yee is also the John H. Kersey Chair in Cancer Research and treats patients with breast cancer.  “This simple three-course series can save lives, and it is imperative we work together to increase the vaccination rates in the United States to better protect our young people.”

UMN research shows DNA imprinting defects are associated with childhood osteosarcoma development and progression

Tuesday, January 26, 2016

Children diagnosed with osteosarcoma may be impacted by a DNA imprinting defect also found in parents, according to new research from the Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota. DNA imprinting is a phenomenon in which just one of the two inherited genes is active while the other is present but inactive.

The study is published now in the journal Oncotarget.

Study: Doula care is cost-effective, associated with reduction in preterm and cesarean births

Thursday, January 14, 2016

A new study from the School of Public Health at the University of Minnesota finds Medicaid program coverage of doula services would likely be cost-effective because doula support is associated with lower rates of preterm and cesarean births. This statistical analysis of more than 67,000 Medicaid-funded births estimated that, on average, a Medicaid reimbursement rate of $986 for doula support would be cost neutral to the program. That is, the amount the Medicaid program spends on doula services would be offset by decreases in the costs associated with preterm and cesarean births at an average reimbursement rate of $986.

The study findings were published online today in Birth.

University of Minnesota researcher receives $432,000 grant to fight cancer in dogs

Wednesday, January 13, 2016

MINNEAPOLIS/ST. PAUL (January 8, 2016) Jaime Modiano, V.M.D., Ph.D., professor in the College of Veterinary Medicine and the Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota, will be leading a team of researchers in an exciting new study to better understand and prevent hemangiosarcoma, an aggressive form of cancer in dogs.
The study is being funded by a grant from the AKC Canine Health Foundation (CHF), a nonprofit organization dedicated to preventing, treating and curing diseases in all dogs. Three groups whose dogs have been affected by this cruel disease --  the American Boxer Charitable Foundation, the Golden Retriever Foundation, and the Portuguese Water Dog Foundation -- are taking a unique, collaborative stand against cancer by pledging $432,000 to support this research effort.